OF THE SOUTH 500
Riders & Crew: It is your responsibility to read through these rules carefully
before the pre-race meeting and then ask any questions you may have. Penalties
will be assessed against the rider or crew for their mistakes. Ignorance of the
rules is no excuse.
rules represent the minimum interference with rider strategy and performance while
effectively controlling the race and preventing repeats of hazardous situations
that have developed in previous races. HOS presents an individual challenge in
endurance cycling, with the rules ensuring maximum safety and competitive fairness.
CHAIN OF COMMAND
chain of command in the race organization is as follows:
2. Race Officials
should first direct questions to the Officials on the route; then the Race Director.
DIRECTOR'S RULES PREROGATIVE
Race Director reserves the right to define the "intent of the rules" to preserve
the integrity of HOS. The Race Director may construct new rules and penalties,
or to alter old rules and penalties if necessary, before, during, or after the
event under extreme circumstances that were not foreseen by any of the following
rules, or if a rider is trying to find "loopholes" in the rules. Full responsibility
for the decision will be born by the Race Director, as an agent of the UMCA. Riders
may protest the decision after the race.
contingency is a conjuncture of unplanned events. The race organization cannot
be held accountable for contingencies and therefore will not issue time bonuses,
deduct time off a rider's overall time, or move a rider up the course due to contingencies.
Contingencies include traffic lights, traffic jams, trains, winds, storms, earthquakes
and other "acts of God," detours, road construction, and any other event falling
under the definition above and unplanned events over which the race organization
had no control.
is possible that one rider has to follow longer detour option during daylight
road construction and then the direct route is open again at night for the following
riders. These routine inconveniences are all part of the challenge of racing by
A RACE DECISION
protest may be filed which requires a judgment call and cannot be determined without
tangible physical evidence. Protests must be submitted immediately after the race
and will be ruled on by the UMCA Advisory Board within 60 days.
race clock will be set at the start to Central Time and will not stop for any
reason. The Race Director, however, may make time adjustments after the start
of the race to account for extenuating circumstances.
Race Division attachment page for current rules for each category.
first rider in each division across the finish line will be declared the winner
of that division.
may be awarded for designated points along the route, but there are no time bonuses.
To collect the primes the rider must officially finish the race.
Officials are instructed to keep interaction with crew and riders to a minimum.
They will be friendly but cannot give aid or favor to any one rider.
If a crew or rider needs to confer with a Race Official, crews may signal a staff
vehicle by blinking headlights several times and waving an arm up and down out
a side window. If an official cannot be contacted this way, a request for an official
may be included in the next time station call to Race Headquarters.
Concerns or questions about rules should be relayed to Headquarters or Officials
on the route.
There are two types of officials:
Officials in marked vehicles that go along for the entire race;
Officials in unmarked vehicles that cover only part of the route. These "covert"
officials will be unknown to all riders and may appear anywhere at anytime without
warning. They may give penalties on the spot, or they may report the penalty,
which will be assessed by the Race Director at a later time.
Time penalties for traffic law violations and/or HOS rule violations will accumulate
throughout the race. These time penalties are cumulative. Riders and Teams are
allowed 5 penalties then disqualified on the 6th penalty.
If rider penalties will change the finishing order of the race, Race Officials
will detain the guilty rider at the last time station for the accumulated number
of penalty minutes before being allowed to proceed.
If rider penalties will not change the finishing order, then the rider penalties
will be added to their overall time at the finish line.
Any rider, crew or personal film crew seen violating traffic or race rules will
be penalized. These penalties are served by the rider.
Warnings may be given at the discretion of a Race Officials and/or Race Director.
Warnings can be given at any time, although a warning does not have to be given
before a penalty can be assessed.
Riders = 5 minutes per infraction
Teams = 5 minutes per infraction
a rider or crew is observed repeatedly, flagrantly, or apparently willfully disregarding
traffic or other rules, the Race Director may authorize a Race Official to impose
an immediate, mandatory one-hour penalty for solo riders or Teams. This one hour
penalty will be served immediately in a safe location regardless of time of day.
Riders and crew must stop for one hour.
following are grounds for immediate disqualification:
Refusal to agree and abide by the contractual requirements necessary to participate
in HOS, including: riders and crew conducting themselves in a positive and professional
manner, release of liability waiver, insurance waiver, rider conditions to race,
Use of illegal drugs, banned substances, or alcohol of any kind by a rider or
Rider advancing along the route without a bike or in a vehicle without authorization
from a Race Official (except in the case of a medical emergency or in search of
a motel or some other race necessity).
Improperly registered or improperly insured support vehicles or improperly licensed
support vehicle operators.
Illegal drafting of any motor vehicles.
Holding onto another vehicle (motorized or non-motorized) to aid or augment forward
Refusing to take a mandatory sleep (off bike) break after displaying unsafe bike
handling skills, as demanded by a Race Official.
Behavior on the part of a rider or crew that is deemed inappropriate and that
might cause safety, legal, or reputation problems for the race or other riders
and their crew.
Willfully altering roads signs to misdirect the competition or for any other reason.
Accumulation of more than 5 penalties of any kind. Disqualified on the 6th penalty.
For any of the violations resulting in disqualification, in HOS and/or record
rides throughout the year, or cumulative over many years, the following applies:
1st flagrant offense = Disqualification.
flagrant offense = HOS/UMCA suspension of one year.
flagrant offense = UMCA permanent banishment.
The Board of Directors of Ultra-Marathon Cycling, Inc. reserve the right to permanently
ban anyone from the HOS and/or the UMCA if they determine that this person is
a serious liability or detriment to the corporation, for any reason whatsoever.
UMCA and HOS are DBAs of Ultra-Marathon Cycling, Inc., the owners must reserve
this right in order to protect themselves and the corporation. This provision
is meant to be used only in extreme cases.
is conducted over public highways and bridges. The HOS organization obtains authorization
from Departments of Transportation to conduct the event in accordance with these
rules and the directions contained in the OFFICIAL HOS ROUTE BOOK.
Nothing in the HOS rules supersedes the authority of local traffic police officers
and state highway patrol troopers in exacting compliance to the vehicle code for
all users of the public highways.
In a very few cases, exceptions have been granted for bicycles to use controlled
access highways normally denied to them, specifically the rider's pace vehicle
to travel a highway shoulder when such travel by vehicles is normally not permitted.
Riders and crew vehicles, proceeding in accordance with these rules and in strict
observance of the directions and cautions in the OFFICIAL HOS ROUTE BOOK, may
be confident that such conduct has the prior approval of local authorities.
On occasion, a patrol officer or trooper fails to be informed of HOS and takes
action to interfere with a rider's progress or the operation of a pacing vehicle.
A rider may even be forced to leave the HOS route. If any dispute arises with
local authorities, the Race Director will determine the merits of the case whether
any time or distance adjustment should be made.
If the action was a result of the rider or crew vehicle driver not conforming
to traffic laws, HOS rules and directions, or riding/driving unsafely, no time
or distance adjustment will be made.
HOS is conducted on public roads. At all times, be polite and courteous to other
drivers and motorists.
Also: Support Vehicles, Rider Rules
Violation of any Traffic law by riders or crew will result in a penalty.
Riders must obey all traffic laws including stops at stop signs/lights.
A legal stop is defined as follows: Just short of a track stand, slow enough to
theoretically turn the handlebars to the side without falling. The spokes of a
wheel should be individually visible or graphics on a disc wheel should be readable.
A rider does not actually have to remove a foot from the pedal and touch the ground.
Turning right at a red light, making an immediate U-turn and another right turn
to avoid waiting at a red light is not allowed.
In the event a traffic signal light sensor fails to detect a competitor or event
vehicle and display a green light, the competitor or event vehicle must wait for
a minimum of three (3) minutes for the signal to change. If the signal has not
changed after three minutes, the competitor or event vehicle may continue forward
progress only in AN EXTREMELY SAFE MANNER to advance past the defective traffic
signal. If there is a sign which states a longer wait is necessary, then the time
stated on the sign is the minimum time to wait.
each time station the rider or support crew will be contacting the Race Headquarters
answering service to tell Headquarters of their location. If there is an important
update from Headquarters a warning signal will be relayed to the rider or crew.
Every race official and rider/crew representative must contact the Race Headquarters
answering service at each time station, or each 12 hours to check about route
changes or important updates.
Cell phones or pay phones may be used. Cell phones in vehicles are recommended,
but not required.
Riders will call the headquarters answering service with their rider name, checkpoint
location and time of day. No other information will be available at this Headquarters
recording number except for important updates, if any.
Friends and family of crew members should not call Headquarters except to leave
Also: Route, Race Information, Other Reporting
The location of Time Stations is very specific. Riders and crew must follow ALL
route instructions to reach the Time Stations.
The Rider Name, Time Station Number, and the Race Time must be reported when the
rider passes the time stations.
a. Remember the time recorded is the rider's time,
not the time when the crew member made the call.
b. This call to Race Headquarters
require less than 60 second to complete.
Upon arrival at a Time Station, EVERY CREW MUST check in for messages by contacting
Route Changes are officially communicated at Time Stations when riders call headquarters.
A member of the crew MUST make the call. Race Officials are not responsible for
calling in rider information at Time Stations.
DO NOT LEAVE the Time Stations unless you are certain some crew member will make
the call for your rider.
A rider whose times are not called in at Time Stations within 30 minutes will
receive a penalty.
At night if it is necessary for the Pace Vehicle to stop and make the call, then
the rider must stop also.
PROBLEMS calling Race Headquarters
If the headquarters line is busy, even though the rider may be stopped (at night
and the pace car is making the call), keep trying for at least 3 minutes. If the
reporting crew is not from the pacing vehicle, the call should be attempted for
at least 10 minutes. If problems persist call from the next working phone and
indicate problems connecting. After the first time station on the first day, most
phone lines should available.
If a phone is found to be inoperative or missing, make the report from the next
working phone, reporting that the Time Station phone has failed. This will allow
Headquarters to update other riders of the inoperative phone at the previous Time
If a phone is found to be inoperative or missing by the Race Officials preceding
the lead rider, a message will be posted to indicate where the nearest working
phone is located. Consideration will be given in such cases for the time necessary
for the reporting crew to get to the working phone.
A time penalty is likely to be issued to a rider if a crew fails to call in from
a Time Station due to phone problems when riders ahead and behind are successful
in making the required report on a prompt basis.
Also: Time Stations
may obtain position, assessed penalties, and drop status on any riders in order
to keep track of other racers. While every effort is made to keep location information
as correct as possible, HOS is not responsible for any rumors or inaccurate information
obtained by crews at local time stations other than route or rule changes.
Also: Rider, Support Vehicles, Crew, Police, Night Riding
must notify Headquarters, a Race Official, or a Time Station staff member in the
A rider is, or plans to be, off the course hidden from view longer than 30 minutes.
A casual rider continues riding within 10 meters (30 ft.) of a HOS competitor
and is a nuisance.
If the primary pace vehicle has broken down and the rider is being supported by
another crew vehicle.
To obtain permission for crew additions or changes.
If delayed, sent off course, wrong turn on route, or detained by local or state
police longer than 30 minutes.
Following the rider at night with a motor home if all other vehicles are incapacitated
and no other vehicles are available to follow the rider. This does not apply to
vehicles temporarily stopping to buy gas, food, restroom, and other "poor planning"
Also: Other Reporting, Crew, Rule, Traffic Laws, Police
Vehicle: A motorized vehicle with at least two wheels and is used to transport
people and/or equipment necessary for use by a competitor.
Vehicles: Those vehicles that will follow directly behind the rider.
be used to accompany the rider while the Pace Vehicle is being serviced for a
temporary period of time. Motor homes are larger than vans or pickup trucks and
typically are equipped with cooking facilities, toilet facilities, sleeping accommodations,
etc. A large truck could also be termed as a motor home for the purposes of these
There is no maximum number of vehicles or personnel that a rider may have in the
Each rider must start the race with at least one four wheeled vehicle equipped
as a pace vehicle as defined in these rules, and two drivers with valid licenses.
All support vehicles must be properly registered and carry at least the minimum
insurance required by law by the state of registration.
All race vehicles (pace vehicles, spy vehicles, RVs, etc.) must use their headlights
whenever the vehicle is in operation (defined as being in gear), day or night.
This will make all of our vehicles much more visible at all times during the race.
Caravanning is prohibited by all crew vehicles. Defined as two or more vehicles
traveling at the same speed behind a rider except when waiting to pass.
No support vehicle may block or impede the progress of another competitor.
All vehicles must travel at legal highway speed when not pacing behind their rider.
Also: Race Communication, Support Vehicles, Pace Vehicle Operation
Each competitor must be supported by at least one primary pacing vehicle intended
to accompany the rider.
The pace vehicle must be no more than 78 inches in width, measured at 3 feet from
the ground. The width across this point is the width of the vehicle, not including
side mirrors. Mini-vans are best because most are 72" wide. Large passenger vans
are allowed as long as they meet the width requirement.
Pace vans shall not be a conversion motor home, and cannot be a step van (e.g.
Front, and right side windows must be clear of all solid obstructions except for
the third and forth passenger seat side windows of vans. Rear windows should be
as clear as possible. The driver must have a view of following traffic with inside
or outside mirrors.
Pace Vehicles must have a minimum of two crew members at all times.
The pace vehicle headlights must be dimmed in ALL situations, including approaching
and overtaking traffic as well as for oncoming traffic. Lights should also be
dimmed if following slow moving traffic closer than 100 meters (300 ft.).
Music and public address systems may be installed, but their use must be curtailed
in residential areas, particularly during hours of darkness. "Walkman" pocket-size
stereos are permitted though the volume must be kept low enough to hear sirens
and/or voices from passing crew or official's vehicles. It is recommended that
one speaker only be used in one ear. The other can be tucked into the jersey collar.
The pace vehicle cannot lead the rider through fog or traffic. The rider must
stay in front of the pace vehicle. Auxiliary vehicles cannot pace ahead of the
rider at the rider's speed, but may drive ahead and pull off the roadway and wait
for the rider.
Traveling alongside a rider is permitted for handing off food and supplies to
the rider and exchanging information. Limited to 1 minute per exchange and 4 times
When traveling alongside a rider, you MUST NOT INTERFERE WITH THE NORMAL FLOW
OF TRAFFIC IN EITHER DIRECTION.
Remaining alongside longer than necessary in order to provide the rider an advantage
against prevailing wind is prohibited.
If traffic conditions do not allow pacing alongside the rider for handoffs,
pace vehicle should proceed ahead, stop off the pavement, and use a pedestrian
handoff as the rider passes.
A pedestrian or person in a pace vehicle may execute "hand-to-hand" handoffs to
the rider while the rider is moving or vice versa. These handoffs must be passed
from the hand of the "giver" to the hand of the "receiver."
Inserting something into the rider's pocket, water bottle cage or any bike or
clothing adjustments between rider and moving support vehicle are prohibited.
A moving rider may toss discarded items to a crew provided this is done in a safe
manner and no littering takes place.
The pace vehicle may not impede following traffic for more than 1 minute. The
pace vehicle must pull off the road and let traffic pass when five or more vehicles
are waiting to pass regardless of time. During the day the rider may proceed alone,
with the pace vehicle catching up once traffic is clear.
Pace vehicles should follow their rider as far to the right of the lane as possible
or on the paved shoulder.
During daylight riders may proceed unescorted. The pace vehicle may stop, allowing
the rider to continue on alone for a short time even when out of sight. Then driving
at normal highway speed to catch up to the rider and pulling off the road and
stopping as before just behind the rider. This is especially applicable on the
first day of the race when a dozen or more riders may be climbing the same hill
at the same time, causing a serious problem for oncoming and following traffic
to proceed around the pace vehicles.
Under no circumstances will the pace vehicle pull ahead of a rider for the purpose
of proceeding to an intersection to cause the traffic signal to change to the
rider's benefit. If two or more pace vehicles are used during the event, these
extra vehicles and crew may attempt this maneuver as long as they do so safely
without interfering with the normal flow of traffic.
Special attention by the pace vehicle drivers must be taken in passing situations
when one rider overtakes another. The rider and pace vehicle in the lead and getting
passed must yield by slowly moving to the right. The following rider must accelerate
and pass on the left. Always yield to the normal flow of traffic.
If two riders decide to ride together (for up to 15 minutes), one of the pace
vehicles follows both riders while the other remains parked on the side of the
road or drives up ahead and stops. Under no circumstances should two or more pace
vehicles of different riders caravan down the road or travel side by side at the
speed of the rider. Both riders will be penalized.
In addition to standard emergency flashers built into the vehicle, the primary
pace vehicle must have two amber flashing lights, one at each extreme left and
right end of the roof rack or roof, visible only from behind and not from the
front (duct tape can be used to cover the front half of the light).
They must be powered from the vehicle electrical system with a separate switch
and be able to be turned on and off without affecting the vehicle's factory emergency
lights or the regular rear tail lights. These roof lights cannot be solely battery
The roof-mounted amber flashing lights must not be too bright as to momentarily
blind or create excessive glare to a passing motorist. Prior to the start of the
race, check out the rear flashers with practice "drive-bys." If the lights are
too bright, either replace the lights with lower wattage bulbs or cover part of
the light lens with filament tape (packing tape with the strands) until the glare
These amber lights must be flashing at all times when following the rider.
Additional vehicle driving lights are allowed as long as they are not higher than
48" or above the windshield of the support vehicles. State laws forbids any roof
Extra bumper mounted lights are allowed as long as they do not shine toward oncoming
traffic. A combination of low fog lights to reduce shadows and directional spot
lights or vehicle lights to see down the road will work best.
Many states only allow four front bulbs to be on at one time.
Handheld spot lights brighter than 10 watts are not allowed. Van powered flashlights
for crew duties are allowed.
No extensions beyond 36" in the front of the bumper for light brackets or spare
A D.O.T standard reflective slow moving vehicle triangle (36 cm or 14 inches high)
fluorescent orange equilateral triangle with 3 cm (1.5 inch) reflective red border,
and Caution Bicycles Ahead sign must be displayed on the rear of the pace vehicle
while following directly behind the rider.
This D.O.T. triangle must be removed or covered up when traveling over 45 mph
(when not following the rider).
A rider may have more than one pace vehicle meeting the requirements noted above,
however, only one pace vehicle may follow the rider at any given time. Although
a rider may enter the race with two or more pace vehicles meeting all the requirements
of a pace vehicle, only the vehicle following the rider will be termed "the pace
Vehicles pacing a rider may not tow any kind of vehicle, trailer, motorcycle,
or motor scooter.
Motor homes cannot act as a pacing vehicle (follow directly behind a rider).
The Race Director may consider exceptions to allow a sponsor's support vehicle
to service equipment or provide supplies to several riders in the same division.
(two riders have the same sponsor who provides a tech van to service both.)
If motorcycles, scooters or other like vehicles are used, appropriate legal helmets
must be worn at all times by the driver and passenger regardless of local state
regulations. Bicycle helmets are not legal when riding a motorcycle.
Motorcycle operators must have motorcycle licenses, if required in the state where
they are driving.
Spying is the use of one crew's support vehicles for the purpose of obtaining
information about other competitors.
Spying vehicles must conform to the normal flow of traffic. No caravanning.
Spies may not pass a rider being spied upon more often than five times in one
hour or more frequently than once in five minutes.
Spying vehicles parked along the race route must be far enough off the roadway
and not interfere with the passage of a rider or pace vehicle.
Spies must not verbally annoy the rider or use a spying vehicle engine noise,
wind gust and road dust, or exhaust offensively.
Spies may not use bicycles or other human powered vehicles or devices (e.g.,
anywhere near the HOS rider.
Spying through interception of radio communications is not controlled beyond the
licensing controls of the FCC. Crews should be advised to switch radio channels
or have some other plan for communications if spying is suspected by another competitor.
Also: Pace Vehicle Operation, Night Riding, Penalties, Clothing, Traffic Laws
Riders will not be driven up the course under any conditions except to motels
Riders will wear a properly fastened ANSI-approved helmet at all times. THE HELMET
MUST BE PROPERLY FASTENED AND NOT JUST SITTING ATOP THE HEAD.
A rider may not receive any type of push-off from another person or vehicle.
A rider may not receive pacing of any form (on foot, by bicycle, roller skates,
or anything else) from a crew member. Road side cheering is allowed from crew
members and race fans.
A rider may ride a bicycle with a flat tire or other mechanical problems. If a
Race Official deems the problem unsafe, the rider must stop or proceed on foot
with the bike until the bicycle is replaced or repaired.
A rider may proceed on foot along the HOS route as long as the bicycle is present
(carried, dragged, or pushed). A rider separated from his bicycle may not proceed
along the race route, but may travel backward by any means along the route.
Competitors may ride alongside each other (within 100 meters) for 15 minutes per
24 hour period, and no more.
Riders may not block or impede the progress of another competitor.
Riders may not draft off any other vehicle and must try to maintain at least 100
meters from another rider's pace vehicle whose speed he wishes to maintain. This
rule is relaxed at the start until the field has spread out enough to give riders
control over intervals between them. This rule allows following traffic to pass
each rider/pace vehicle safely.
At traffic stop signs/lights, riders may not hold onto or receive balance support
from any crew vehicle or person. The rider may use a permanent object (post, mailbox,
etc.) commonly located at stop lights, to assist in balance without having to
remove a foot from the pedal.
Moving riders may not be tethered by electrical wiring, feeding tubes, oxygen
tubes, or other attachments either to a vehicle or pedestrian.
Riders must stop for drug or medical testing, or imposition of punitive penalties
when directed by a HOS Official. The time required for such stops will not be
deducted from the rider's time.
Riders must accommodate neutral film crews as much as possible, however intentionally
drafting off a camera vehicle is prohibited. Riders must ride to the right of
press and camera vehicles during interviews, not directly behind them, unless
the camera vehicle is far enough ahead as not to create a wind draft.
If a camera crew is causing problems for the rider, politely ask them to leave
or notify officials of problems. If the problem continues, immediately notify
a Race Official, Director, or Headquarters.
Also: Disqualification, Clothing, Penalties, Other Reporting
support crew person is anyone who actively assists the rider in any manner on
a continuous basis for a given block of time. The Race Director will make the
determination as to whether or not such a person is a crew under these rules.
All crew must have signed and agreed to the terms in the release of liability
waiver prior to being permitted to participate in HOS.
The rider is accountable for the behavior of the crew. A crew's misconduct may
result in the penalization or disqualification of aN entrant. If it is determined
that a crew is a liability, he or she may be suspended from participating in the
A rider may add crew may be added at any time anywhere during the race provided
the new members(s) agree to (by signing) all the terms explained in the release
of liability waiver and Race Headquarters must be is immediately notified. The
crew captain must have additional copies of the waiver form available to be signed
by add-on crew.
One crew will be designated crew captain and will speak for the crew and rider
in reporting problems, suggestions, or other information to Race Officials. Other
persons in their capacity as crew should not speak in an official capacity to
Race Officials, unless the crew captain is not available. Crew captains may designate
another person to act on his/her behalf when necessary.
A crew may offer assistance to any rider or crew participating in HOS at any time
but cannot give misdirection on routing to another rider or crew.
Each crew must be self-sufficient, communicating between their vehicles, locating
food, water, fuel, supplies, motels, medical facilities and any other requirements
along the route. Officials are not required to assist crew members unless it is
a medical emergency.
One crew may service two riders that are competitors as an act of "good sportsmanship".
A crew may change crews during the race only after their rider has been officially
If a crew member willfully violates or attempts to violate a rule in order to
aid the rider, the other crew members have the obligation to stop that crew and
correct the violation. Crew members have a moral obligation to the rules no less
than the riders.
If a crew is unexpectedly lost from a two-person crew, the crew must immediately
notify Race Headquarters. Based on the rider's location in the race, distance
traveled, crew experience, etc., the Race Director will determine as to whether
or not a second crew will have to be obtained to finish the race.
Safety, for racers, crews, officials and other HOS participants, and for the persons
and property along the route, is the single most important concern for everyone
connected with the race. In an emergency where human life is in jeopardy, all
attention should be directed to the injured.
If a rider loses time due to responding to an injury-related situation, wherein
the rider's or crew's assistance is warranted, the Race Director will determine
a proper time adjustment if the rider loses time. If the intercession of the rider/crew
was not warranted in the injury situation, the Race Director may determine that
no time adjustment be given.
and RIDER REST STOPS
There are no restrictions on how many hours a competitor may ride without off-bike
rest. However, for safety reasons, a HOS Official may impose an immediate, mandatory
ONE hour off-bike penalty on any rider if certain symptoms of sleep deprivation
It is the responsibility of the crew and/or rider to make sure they are rested
well and fit enough to proceed safely. Pace vehicle crew must be prepared for
the rigors of the night by getting what rest they need during the preceding day.
If a rider refuses to comply with the demands of his/her crew to rest and the
crew feels the rider is in danger, a Race Official or Headquarters must be notified
It is the responsibility of the crew and/or rider crew captain's responsibility
to ensure the crew is receiving adequate rest to proceed safely and for safe operation
of support vehicles. If no adequately rested drivers are available for safe operation
of vehicles, the rider must voluntarily stop.
If a crew operating a motor vehicle, or a rider riding a bicycle exhibits unsafe
driving practices for any reason, a Race Official may impose an on-the-spot 1-hour
time penalty stop to the rider.
RIDING & SAFETY
Riders may not proceed beyond the support vehicle lights during darkness, even
when displaying legal required bike lights. The pace vehicle and rider become
a single entity under normal night riding conditions.
The rules for handoffs, city traffic, mountain climbs, and other difficult pacing
situations must be modified at night so that the bicycle never leaves the pace
The pace vehicle may stop for a few seconds and the rider may continue providing
the rider is still well lighted by the following pace vehicle headlights
Bicycles ridden at night must be equipped with a front light visible and operating
from 100 meters (300ft.) and steady-state (not-blinking) rear red light or incandescent
red light visible from 150 meters (500ft.).
The HOS organization may hire independent film crews to document the race in a
fair, safe and neutral manner.
2. Local television stations may also film the race near their area in a fair,
safe and neutral manner.
All other personal film crews will be considered part of the host rider's crew.
This film crew may focus their attention on their rider in a fair and safe manner.
Unsafe driving by a personal film crew will result in a penalty of the host rider.
Even if the film crew is interviewing another competitor, unsafe actions by the
film crew could result in a penalty to their host rider.
Film crews are subject to the same vehicle rules of the road as pace vehicles.
Emergency flashers and a safety triangle must be used. Film crews are not required
to have amber roof top flashers.
Failure to yield to following or oncoming traffic will result in a penalty.
Film vehicles must be labeled on four sides with "FILM CREW" signs. These signs
should have black lettering on a white background size 6" x 18".
Also: Night Riding, Clothing, Sponsors
Bicycles must be propelled solely by human force.
Maximum length is 2m (79in); maximum width, 75cm (30in). This is a standard racing
Any number of bicycles or replacement parts may be used during the race.
Windscreens, fairing, and airfoils are prohibited. "Aero bars" and their accessories
are allowed. A "wind scoop" under or around the handlebars or aero bars is prohibited
because it is too close to being a fairing.
Disk wheels, composite spoke wheels, and wheel covers are allowed.
HOS reserves the right to disallow, either before the race or when observed in
use during the race, any bicycle or component that the Race Director determines
to be unacceptable for use in HOS competition. It is the obligation of the competitor
to bring any non-standard or custom equipment to the attention of the Race Director
before the race for an acceptability determination.
Clothing intended for cycling use or to decrease wind resistance is allowed (skinsuits).
The attachment of fairings to clothing is not allowed.
Crew or riders may not strip naked for any reason outside of the support vehicle
without appropriate coverings or curtains.
The Race Director may prohibit the use of certain names and logos, such as those
associated with cigarettes or hard liquor, on crew clothing, or clothing items
deemed worn in poor taste due to style, brevity, or inappropriate graphic design.
Each rider must follow the route book directions exactly as listed. This means
exiting and reentering interstates, and other detailed route commands.
If a rider makes a wrong turn and rides off the course regardless of the reason,
the rider may cycle or be driven back to the spot where the course deviation was
made, then continue riding. If the wrong turn was due to a rider/crew error, no
time credit will be given to the rider.
If the wrong turn was due to HOS's error (mistaken turn instruction, unclear directions),
HOS will compensate the rider in time accordingly, providing an accurate time,
distance, and location record is written down and provided as evidence associated
with HOS's route error. "Unclear" as a cause of a routing error is established
only if a significant number of HOS riders have similar problems with that particular
set of routing instructions.
Riders cannot be shuttled up the course for any reason except for going to a motel
or emergency situations. They must then return to the point where they last left
the route to begin riding again.
HOS Rules for solo riders apply to team riders, where appropriate. Additional
team rules include:
One, two, three, or four riders may cycle at any time. Drafting is permitted within
the same team, but not between rival teams.
There are no requirements as to how much time or how many miles each person can
Each team may enter up to four riders (or two if it is in the two-rider category).
If one or more of the team members gets hurt or cannot ride, no substitutions
are allowed. Only one rider has to finish. This means that the rest of the riders
can drop out.
The bicycle requirements are the same as the HOS solo division.
The minimum crew requirements are as follows: Two, four wheeled vehicles and four
crew, two assigned to each vehicle.
In the event of a sprint to the finish or to a prime location, the front point
of the front wheel of the lead rider on a team must cross the plane of the finish
line, as in traditional bicycle racing. If a pace line of riders on the same team
are converging upon a finish line, the front rider determines the finishing spot.
If the police prohibit drafting, abide by their commands. RAO has no control over
the authority of the police. If you fail to abide by their commands, you are at
your own risk.
A temporary ban on drafting could be imposed if the team of riders creates undue
traffic problems that could be remedied by having only one rider on the road.
Penalties for rule violations will be imposed to the entire team, not just to
the persons responsible. The entire team must stop at the final time station to
serve the cumulative penalties.
A new rider must overlap wheels with the rider they are replacing.
Riders may make a rolling exchange at cycling speed and ride side by side. The
new rider then accelerates to begin their riding section while the old rider stops.
Opposing teams cannot ride together at all. There is no 15 minute rule as in the
If one team is about to pass another, the team being passed must yield right of
way to the passing team and both teams must resume 100 meter splits.